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And in December, the party required local governments to revise the criteria used to evaluate their officials away from economic growth Nike Blazer Advanced Tan to their work, including civilization. The quality of the environment is now among the main criteria used to assess officials performances in Shijiazhuang city, which oversees Pingshan county, according to a report in the Hebei Daily in December.
PINGSHAN COUNTY, China Huge chunks of concrete and broken machinery are all that is left of a cement plant that once spewed clouds of pollution over China most polluted province, Hebei. Demolished in December, the factory was one of 35 closed or torn down in Pingshan county as part of the government drive to clear up China notoriously smoggy skies.
is good for everyone, said Guo Quanquan, 52, one of those laid off. my life has gotten worse after the closure. hasn been able to find another job and now lives off the earnings of his two 20 something sons.
may suffer slow economic growth in the short term, but this will work in upgrading the economic structure and result in a good living environment for our people, so it is worthwhile, the China Daily newspaper quoted Sun Ruibin, Shijiazhuang Communist Party chief, as saying.
Another resident in Guo village, Jia Shufang, said that most of its 200 households had depended directly or indirectly on the cement industry, with workers earning an average monthly wage of 3,000 yuan ($490). Former employees could work in restaurants or on farms raising pigs, cattle and poultry, she said, although most of them are sitting at home doing nothing. years, the central government has issued various environmental targets and pushed for industries to reduce excess capacity that had built up during China years of booming growth, but they were resisted by local officials whose performances were judged more on their region economic growth than the cleanliness of their skies.
heavy industry. The Cabinet also announced a $1.6 billion fund last month to reward the prevention and control of air pollution in key areas.
But shutting plants has taken a human and economic toll in lost jobs and income. The demolition or closure of the 35 plants in Hebei Pingshan county, about a four hour drive southwest of Beijing, resulted in layoffs of 3,780 workers, according to state media reports.
That was evident during this week ceremonial National People Congress. Premier Li Keqiang said Wednesday the government would war on pollution in the same way China had fought poverty. Smog, he said, was red light warning against the model of inefficient and blind development. drive to clean up China industry has added impetus to the government campaign over the past several years to reduce excess production capacity in the polluting steel and cement industries.
the country leaders are rebalancing their priorities.
cement factories are all closed, said Guo, the laid off cement worker, the air pollution is still the same as before.
Chinese women wearing masks walk past a Chinese government propaganda billboard with the words "China Dream" in Beijing, China, Thursday, March 6, 2014. Combatting pollution has shot up the agenda of the ruling Communist Party, which for years pushed for rapid economic development with little concern about the environmental impact. Under public pressure to reduce the air pollution that blankets Beijing and cities across China, the country leaders are rebalancing their priorities. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan)
Pressure has increased on local governments since September, when China Cabinet released an action plan to control and prevent air pollution through 2017. Since then, more than half the country provinces have released their own plans, including new restrictions on coal and Nike Foamposite Metallic Red
but closing factories also leads to lost jobs
Combatting pollution has shot up the agenda of the ruling Communist Party, which for years pushed for rapid economic development with little concern about the environmental impact. Under public pressure to reduce the air pollution that blankets Beijing and cities across China, Nike Dunk Sb Low Paris
The overall impact of these moves on China economy is hard to judge at this point and no official estimates have been released.
Across the city, the local government is organizing job fairs for thousands of laid off workers and encouraging them to work in farming and food processing, according to its website.
very important when assessing how likely it is for local officials to implement these policies is what are their incentives, said Brian Jackson, a China economist at IHS Economics. shows that the issue is being taken much more seriously even at the provincial level and they are adjusting their incentives accordingly to make sure that there is follow through this round. Pingshan county, cement factories that had failed to meet national pollutant emissions standards had been targeted in the round of closures with the aim of reducing overcapacity and combating pollution, said Jia Taosha of Shijiazhuang Development and Reform Commission. Shijiazhuang is one of seven Hebei cities that made it on to a recent environment ministry list of the top 10 most polluted cities in China.
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